Phonological awareness is a broad category that includes identifying and manipulating spoken language, from words to syllables to phonemes (individual sounds). At the sentence level, students distinguish between words in a phrase or sentence. “She borrows my pencil” has four words (not six, when a student may be confusing syllables with discreet words). At the word level, students identify whether words are the same or different and recognize and produce rhyme. At the syllable level, students blend syllables (starting with compound words and progressing to multi-syllabic words), segment syllables (the same progression of complexity as blending), and delete syllables (same progression of complexity).
See the complete post under Reading.